The process in which data is converted through techniques into a new format is called encoding. Whereas, decoding is the opposite of this: the encoded data is converted back into its original form. Encoding can be seen all around us now every message you send or receive, every video on your feed, everything is related to encoding and decoding.
Base64 is an encoding method that is binary to text. It is a string that can be used to store binary objects in text form. It is mostly used to encode images in CSS file, HTML or any other files that work well with textual information, which makes it so useful.
This technology is also used widely in different types of software to encode data. It can be easily transferred while keeping the content intact. Businesses like agrtechnology dedicate themselves to help their users in maximizing their technology. Storing configuration and email over MIME comes under some of the uses of Base64.
These encoding methods are mostly used when binary information needs to be transferred over media that is developed to deal with textual information. This makes sure that the data is transferred without any changes made to it. Base64 is used in applications including mail through MME.
Out of the 64 characters, the specific ones that are chosen for the base vary among implementations. The main concept is to choose 64 characters that are part of subset typical to most encodings. Due to this mixture, it becomes impossible for the data to be changed or altered as it is transferred through systems. The base64 implementation uses 0-9, a-z and A-Z for the 1st 62 values.
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