Speech Pathology OR speech-language pathology is a field of health professions that works along with audiology, behavior analysis, clinical psychology. It is practised by clinician and are hence termed as Speech-language Pathologist.
In speech pathology, the professional is responsible for the assessment, diagnosis and potential treatment of various communication disorders; both speech and language disorders. Speech-language pathology plays an active role in Autism as it is beneficial is understanding communication and behavioural issues.
A very common misconceptions regarding speech-language pathology is that it is limited to the treatment of articulation disorders of stuttering. This is because SLP is beneficial for a broad variety of communication problems related to speech, voice, language and even swallowing. To be precise, following are some of the communication problems that are mainly targeted by SLP.
- Seminatic issues including word-finding problems that may arise either due to language delay or as a characteristic of dementia.
- Language impairments which is characterized by troubles in producing sentences in terms of grammar and changing the meaning of the word.
- Raspy voice or voice that is too soft which makes it difficult for others to comprehend and influences the confidence of the speaker.
Speech Pathology For Kids
In children, speech pathologist work on primary pediatric speech-language disorders such as stuttering, receptive language disorders, speech sound disorders and others. However it is wrong to believe that speech pathology is only beneficial in children and adolescents but is equally favorable in adults and elderly too.
The Most important aspect of speech-language pathology in children is it helps the parents in making the right decision of getting their kids enrolled in school-based speech therapy. In other settings, private clinics in different places such as Speech therapy Brighton is advantageous for children that need more attention and require more time for assessment.
In children, SLP is used to treat speech-language disorders that occur due to a broad range of conditions such as dysphagia, cleft palate, Down syndrome, autism, cranial nerve damage, hearing loss and others.